“Promoting democratic institutions, launching democratic processes and upholding democratic values for a long time is the main goal of US foreign policy …” – this is how the report R44858, prepared by the Analytical Service of the country’s Congress, begins.
The history of this service, which is engaged in research in the field of international relations and actually fixing the financial operations coordinated by Washington in this sphere, has more than a hundred years. The service was born in the years of the First World War, in 1914.
Since then, the Analytical Service has provided data for the debate in Congress. For this reason the accuracy of the information specified in the R44858 report is beyond doubt, because the “deep state” fully relies on its analysts. The “development” by the Congress of more than $ 2 billion annually sent by the Americans to support “friendly regimes” and “the development of democracy” is at stake. That’s why every number in this report is double-checked.
The analysts responsible for making out the report this year (“foreign affairs experts” Marian Lawson and Susan Epstein) separately point out that whoever is in power in Washington at one time or another, the leitmotiv of US foreign policy always remains the same, and its vectors do not change.
Neither the eternal struggle between the “Democrats” and the “Republicans”, nor the criticism of the liberal opposition and various pressure groups of President Trump, nor other integral elements of the American “domestic kitchen” in any way affect the amount of funding of Washington’s strategic allies. Yes, the report notes that the Trump administration is in favor of a gradual reduction of the amount of assistance provided by the Americans to “friendly regimes”, but in the reality of the “deep state” (controlled by real “hawks”) this factor is not of great importance: Donald Trump could not reverse this situation with all the desire to do that.
The report perfectly describes the American methodology of “promoting democracy” consisting of several key points: support for democratic electoral processes, assistance in carrying out judicial reform, monitoring human rights, and working with municipal authorities.
Thus, the American foreign policy octopus “strikes” the state system at all its levels, leaving no experimental country any chance of “cure”. The paid-for corrupt politicians associated with various international organisations (including non-profit organisations) are advocates of “democracy”, faithful servants of Washington and honest allies of the American “in-depth state” in the “friendly” countries of the United States.
Naturally, international assistance is provided on legal (primarily, from the point of view of the US Congress itself) grounds. The report lists a number of such “initiatives” and “acts”: these are the Initiative for the Support of Peace, Development and Democracy in the Countries of Central America, and the Act for the Support of Democracy in Eastern Europe, and the Act for the Support of Freedom. Most of these laws were adopted by Congress in the early 1990s.
Complex issues of American history
An interesting detail: the report of this year focuses on issues of history. For example, analysts admit that from the very beginning of the Cold War era, the Americans made every effort to “democratize” Germany and Japan, as well as to overthrow the legally elected governments of Iran and Guatemala.
Open interference in the internal affairs of other countries is considered a “recognized need”, because otherwise the Communists could come to power, which would prevent the “transit to democracy”.
The report also outlines the main approaches to the international relations of the US presidents, who were in power from 1945 to 1991. Analysts regard Ronald Reagan as the “father” of modern methodology of working with “friendly regimes”. He contributed actively to the creation of the so-called National Foundation for Support of Democracy in 1983.
According to the authors of the report, George Bush Sr., who replaced Reagan as US President endeavored to “advance the ideals of democracy” in Eastern Europe, because he was seriously worried about the stability of Western Europe adjacent to the countries of the former socialist camp. “Democratisation” was necessary for him in order to weaken the military potential of these countries and gain control over nuclear weapons, which several states became owners of after the collapse of the USSR.
The ideas of the “free market” went side by side with the “democratisation”, causing in these countries chaos and confusion. At that time, the main “targets” of the American expansion were Poland and Hungary that were viewed as buffer states between Europe and Russia.
Financial flows were redirected to the Middle East in the early aughts, when, after the attacks of September 11, George W. Bush declared war on international terrorism. The Americans admit that they had to fight against their yesterday’s allied Islamists, whom they had nurtured and cultivated in previous years in order to counter the “Marxist guerrillas”. However, everyone already knew this for a long time, and analysts in this case did not say anything new.
Another thing is important: along with the intensification of American work in the Middle East direction, the strategically important neighboring countries of the “hot spots” organized by the Americans — Iraq and Afghanistan — namely, the countries of Transcaucasia and Central Asia — received substantial help in those years. Thus, the “color revolutions” were successfully carried out in Georgia and Kyrgyzstan, at the same time. At the same time, in order to control the gaining power of Russia, a regime in Ukraine was changed.
The infamous USAID agency provided Washington’s hawks with invaluable “help” in this matter. Not one book has written about the disastrous results of its activities. Under the Obama administration, emphasis was made on the “democratisation” of countries in which the so-called “Arab Spring” of 2011 took place. This was done solely in order to “protect US economic interests in the region,” which analysts also admit in a rather frank manner.
«There is an increase in authoritarianism in the world …»
Despite all the efforts made to destabilize the situation in the world, in the service they are still dissatisfied with the results achieved. The report notes that as of 2017, in 71 countries around the world there was a “deterioration in the situation of human rights and fundamental civil liberties,” which has been observed over the past 12 years. Americans were “satisfied” with the situation in only 35 countries, where a slight increase was recorded in this indicator. All of these ratings were provided by Freedom House.
Washington also complains that over the past few years, American non-profit organisations have been banned in many countries of the world, which represents a clear threat to the “spread of American-type democracy.” This, according to the data provided in the report, is observed in 60 states starting in 2015. Naturally, here we are talking, first of all, about the restrictive measures that countries impose on the activities of USAID. The agency itself, in response to these measures, calls such countries “non-democratic”, and their regimes – “authoritarian.” Convenient model of behavior.
The report also says that in many states there is pressure not only on USAID, but also on programmes organized and conducted by the US Department of State, the National Endowment for Democracy and the Millennium Challenge Corporation. Is it worth mentioning that all countries that in one way or another oppose the “beneficial” American influence are immediately accused of all deadly sins, the main of which is “a retreat from the ideals of democracy”? Analysts see this as a huge problem believing that the number of such states will increase from year to year.
Finance and fans
The report cites data that up to 95-99% of all aid provided to Americans by other states is covered by the statements of two financial institutions: the US Department of State and USAID. The share of the remaining 11 agencies, therefore, is no more than 5%. It is interesting that the major part of this assistance is provided to countries under the guise of economic assistance.
The Trump administration managed to reduce the amount of funding for “democracy development programmes” by about 32% compared with the budget for 2017, which was adopted under Obama. However, the Americans plan to spend at least $ 1.689 billion on these “good” things this year. .
Which countries received the largest amount of money from Washington in recent years?
Afghanistan is in the first place: in 2017, more than $ 300 million was sent to the country’s authorities.
Syria is the second place, where the Americans donated at least $ 161 million to “develop democracy”.
Ukraine “moving to Europe” is in the third place (immediately after the two countries embraced by the war). The volume of American “humanitarian” investments in the Ukrainian economy is estimated at $ 100 million. That is how much it costs to maintain chaos in this country neighboring Russia.
This, by the way, is more than the Americans spend on their own neighbors. For example, during the reporting period, Mexican public organisations and institutions received about $ 77 million from the State Department and USAID. $ 66 million were sent to Colombia and Iraq. Jordan’s authorities received another $ 63 million from Washington.
Russia: «our strategy has failed»
Russia has made every effort to limit the activities of the State Department and USAID on its territory. However, even in spite of this, the volume of American injections made through other public organisations and directed primarily to help the opposition and other “defenders of democracy” in 2018 amounted to about $ 6.3 million. This is $ 1.3 million more than the Americans spent on promoting their ideas in Russia a year earlier. According to this indicator, Russia surpassed even China (including Tibet), where last year $ 5.7 million was sent, whereas in 2017 this amount was $ 7 million.
The Americans admit that their strategy towards Russia has failed. The funds that had been received by Russian public organisations in previous years have, in fact, have been wasted. At the same time, analysts promise to come up with “something else” for Russia, since the Congress is still interested in “promoting democratic values” in the country. In addition, American analysts recognise the defeat of the “promotion strategy” in Egypt.
To sum up…
There is no doubt that, despite all the measures that the Russian authorities are taking in the matter of limiting the activities of American public organisations and financial institutions in the country, Washington will continue to look for loopholes and new ways of spreading destructive for the state ideas of “American democracy”, which they turn out to be nothing more than a screen for lobbying American interests.
Financing the activities of opposition parties and movements, supporting leaders of opinions that are unpopular in society and non-profit organisations, the policy of distributing grants for conducting “correct” humanitarian research, creating informational occasions that discredit the existing government – these are just some of the possible ways that money can flow into Russia from overseas .